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Late last month, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released another report, this time about impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation that countries will have to make to be able to conform to the climate emergency scenario that should worsen in the coming years. According to Ricardo Esparta, Chief Scientific Officer at BlockC, the text highlights the importance of talking about climate justice – considering that richer countries are historically more responsible for emissions, and will have greater economic conditions to adapt to the new context. 

In addition, for the BlockC expert, the document also shows that companies need to know how to adapt to this new reality if they want to survive.

“When talking about sustainability, people tend to think of an environmental concept, but it is also social and economic. Those who do not adapt to the new low-carbon economy will have reputational problems, their products will become more expensive and they will be penalized. By preparing for a low carbon economy, I will be preparing for survival”, summarizes Esparta.

The report that the IPCC released at the end of February places Brazil among the countries “highly exposed” to climate change. Factors such as poverty, inequality, high population density and changes in land use, with deforestation and land degradation in the country support the panel's position. 

To prepare the climate change report, which is in its sixth edition, the IPCC brings together volunteer scientists to read and aggregate the results of thousands of scientific research recognized in the academic environment. The final report, which runs to more than 2,000 pages, is reduced to a summary document of around 300 pages and an index for public policy makers, with around 40 pages. The objective of the document is to guide the decision-making and preparation of countries for this future global scenario.